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Articles © 2011 ARTICLES  A, An, The.

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Presentation on theme: "Articles © 2011 ARTICLES  A, An, The."— Presentation transcript:

1 Articles © 2011 ARTICLES  A, An, The

2 Articles © 2011 ARTICLES INDEFINITE ARTICLE (article indéfini ) DEFINITE ARTICLE (article défini ) A, ANTHE A and an are the indefinite articles. They refer to something not specifically known to the person you are communicating with. The normally points out some particular person or thing. Examples: A Doctor An English teacher Examples The apple you ate was rotten."

3 Articles © 2011 VowelsConsonants A, E, I, O, U B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, M, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z “An” is used for words which begins with vowels. “A” or “The” is used for words which begins with consonants. Placing of Articles

4 Articles © 2011 “A”“An”“The” I have a black dog. I saw an aeroplane. The book is in my bag. I ate a chocolate. English is an easy language. The guide knows the way. We have a note book. She eats an ice- cream. Lion is the king of jungle. Jenny is a good girl. He ate an orange. Do you see the blue sky? Zinedine Zidane is a football player. We use an umbrella in the monsoons. The poor man has no money.

5 Articles © 2011 1) Sound of “O” An hour. An honest man. Here, “H” is silent so the words are considered to start with the vowel sound “O”, so “An” is used. 2) Sound of “YU” A university, A union, A unicorn. A European. here, the words begin with a consonant sound “yu”.So “A” is used. 3) Sound of “W A one rupee note A one –eyed man. We say “A one” as one begins with consonant sound “W”. So “A” is used. Exceptions an is used when the words begin with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u). Pronunciation changes this rule. It's the sound that matters, not the spelling.

6 Articles © 2011 For example: "The apple you ate was rotten.“ "Did you lock the car?" 1)You use the when you know that the listener knows what you are talking about. Use of “ The” Definite Article

7 Articles © 2011 For example: "She's got two children; a girl and a boy. The girl's eight and the boy's fourteen." 2) You should also use the when you have already mentioned the thing you are talking about.

8 Articles © 2011 For Example: the North Pole, the equator 3) We use the to talk about geographical points on the globe.

9 Articles © 2011 For example: the Nile, the Pacific, the English channel, the French Riviera 4) We use the to talk about rivers, oceans and seas

10 Articles © 2011 For example: the rain, the sun, the wind, the world, the earth, the White House etc.. 5) We also use the before certain nouns when we know there is only one of a particular thing.

11 Articles © 2011 For example: "Harry's Cafe is the best cafe to go.“ 6) The is also used to say that a particular person or thing being mentioned is the best, most famous, etc. In this use, 'the' is usually given strong pronunciation:

12 Articles © 2011 For example: "The books are expensive.“ = (Not all books are expensive, just the ones I'm talking about.) "Books are expensive." = (All books are expensive.) *Note : The doesn't mean all:-

13 Articles © 2011 Exercise 1] Copper is ___useful metal. 2] ___ sun shines brightly. 3] The world is ___ happy place. 4] John got ___best present. 5] French is ___language of ___people of France. 6] It is ___holy city.

14 Articles © 2011 Both countable and uncountable nouns are often used without a definite article - 1] Things considered in a general manner / abstract nouns - Examples: a) They found happiness. b) Life is too short. c) Computers are very useful. - 2] Names of continents, countries - a) Asia, France, India. Not using an article L’absenced’article

15 Articles © 2011 3] Before names of relations like father, mother, aunt, uncle, our cook, our nurse…… a)Father has returned. b)Cook has given notice. 4] before names of institutions a)St. Joseph High School b)Mary Hospital 5] Before names of meals a)What time do you have lunch? b)Dinner is ready. 6] Before languages a)We are studying English. b)They speak French at home.

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